How Nigerians Used Social Media To End SARS

Protest Image

Protest Image
Photo Source: Twitter Photo Credit: ENDSARSffs!!!@EllaForte

Using social media like Twitter and WhatsApp, hashtags and conversations has helped propel protests. In a week-long protest, Nigerians chanted against brutal, unlawful activities of the Police Special Anti-Robbery Squad (SARS) unit. Amplifying the positive sides of social media, Nigerians successfully converged, reinforced, and executed peaceful protests through location sharing on social media, among other strategies. Read below for more on this story!

Similar to events in the United States, Nigerian youths echoed their stand against brutality, by those who should be protecting them. This stand was unmistakably expressed through week-long protests across the country. The protesters claimed to have frightful encounters, or have known someone with such encounters, so protests resulted from fear and tension of the safety of civilians. Hereโ€™s how it all transformed into a historical event.ย 

Shared Experiences on Police Brutality

From torture to extortion and extrajudicial killings, the ugly tales of SARS operatives are disheartening. Many times, innocent victims are arrested and forced to pay a certain amount to regain their freedom. Those that cannot afford the bogus bailout spend an unimaginable amount of years in prison. Unfortunately, some never make it out alive to tell their stories. Since the rise of the #EndSARS movement, thousands of Nigerians have taken to social media to share their stories. It is the collective sharing of these stories on social media that gave it much-needed attention. Youโ€™ll need a strong heart to read some of them.

Protest Strategy


Nigerians used numerous social media platforms to plan and execute their protest to end SARS. First of all, they uploaded recorded videos of police brutality, mostly on Twitter. These video posts raised awareness, and therefore, encouraged the public to abide by security rules. Groups of friends and family then helped share videos and written posts on WhatsApp. Secondly, these posts of police brutality and awareness began trending in group chats. This was possible since related topics became popular among users in the country. As conversations grew, more and more people became committed to finding a solution.ย 

The Nigerian protests were dynamic, therefore, successful execution in one state encouraged an execution in a neighboring state. Millions of retweets and support followed the consistent protest videos uploaded on Twitter. However, protesters met violent roadblocks in some states. Policemen tried to disperse the crowd by shooting tear gas canisters. The repressive actions further infuriated the youths. According to some reports, the police used live rounds resulting in the death of some protesters.ย 

Strength in Numbers


Celebrities and individuals from within and outside the country made donations. These donations significantly helped to feed protesters and also, express support. Actually, these donations and support went as far as handling the medical treatment of wounded protesters. And guess what? some of those protesters returned to the protests right after treatment!ย 

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It all Paid Off

Perseverance breeds success! Therefore, like every struggle for freedom and peace, the SARS unit got disbanded. On the 11th of October 2020, the Inspector-General of Police, IGP M. A. Adamu, announced the closure of the Special Anti-Robbery Squad. The exciting news went round the countryโ€™s social media space. However, they were mixed reactions following the replacement of SARS with SWAT.ย 

The youths echoed their distrust for the government. Clearly doing so through tweets like we canโ€™t keep repeating these lines, and tell your dogs to stand down. Many are skeptical that the new SWAT will just recycle the old officers. Therefore, the problem will still persist. What the youths are demanding is total police reform. For the first time in a long time, Nigerian youths have found their voices. We sincerely hope that the same energy will trickle down to other sectors. Eventually, what we seek is a better Nigeria and Africa at large.

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